The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2011-2012 revealed that 90% of US children from age 6-18 years of age consume excess amounts of sodium in their diet.
HOW THE DATA WAS OBTAINED: 24 hour diet recall of foods taken from home,school, and restaurants. 2142 US children
RESULTS: Sodium intake was highest in 14-18 year olds who have acces to fast food/pizza restaurants
OVERALL BREAKDOWN of FOOD SOURCES OF SODIUM: 58% from processed foods from supermarkets; 16% from fast food/pizza restaurants; only 10% from school cafeterias BREAKDOWN of SODIUM INTAKE by meals: Breakfast, 14%; Lunch 31%; Dinner 39% and 16% from snacks.
89% of the children had daily sodium intakes > 2300 mgs/on the day of assessment.
RECOMMENDATIONS: Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendations: < 2300 mgs/day. Institute of Medicine’s Tolerable upper intake level for sodium by age group is as follows: Age 4-8 years: 1900 mgs/d; Age 9-13 years: 2200 mgs/d; Age 14 -18: 2300 mgs/d
CONCLUSIONS: Average sodium intake among US school aged children exceeds recommendations from respected organizations such as the American Heart Association, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the American Association of Pediatrics.
Consumption of sodium comes from a variety of sources in our food supply.
WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? Eating habits established in childhood largely determine later dietary habits in adulthood. Sodium affects health by raising blood pressure. Hypertension is a serious condition that can lead to adverse health consequences.
WHAT’S A MOTHER AND FATHER TO DO? Stay tuned to this blog site for tips to lower sodium in your child’s diet.
SOURCE: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2016.09.010